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types of printing process

Types of Printing Processes

Discoverthe various types of printing processes, from traditional methods like offset printing to modern techniques like digital printing. Learn about the pros and cons of each method and find the right one for your printing needs. Improve your understanding of printing technology with this comprehensive guide.

Printing has advanced throughout the years since it was first documented in China some 1800 years ago. Have we attained the peak of printing with the introduction of the most recent printing process, ‘Digital printing’ in 1991? Let’s take a look at the most prevalent printing processes that have formed the industry as we know it as we consider a new printing method.

The following are the primary industrial printing processes:

    • Offset Printing
    • Lithography
    • Digital Printing
    • Gravure
    • Screen Printing
    • Flexography

We specialize in Offset Printing, Lithography, and Digital Printing at Reflex Print, so let’s go through them in more depth!

Offset Printing

Offset printing was created in 1875 by Robert Barclay, an Englishman who initially used it to print on tin. Ira Washington Rubel utilized offset printing to print on paper only later, in 1904.

Offset printing involves transferring an inked image from a plate to a rubber blanket, which is subsequently transferred to the printing surface. When combined with lithography, the offset process employs a flat image carrier that receives ink and water from rollers. The water will be drawn to the non-printed regions of the image, while the ink will cover the remainder of the image.

Digital Printing

Digital printing was originally developed in 1991, with two businesses controlling the sector (Inkjet and Xerography).

An inkjet printer is the most prevalent type of household printer that we use on a daily basis. If you want to print a paper, you would use an Inkjet printer; if you want to print homework, you would use an Inkjet printer. Printing is no longer considered a luxury item due to technological improvements.

Xerographic printers, on the other hand, employ electrical charge to print pictures. To attract toner particles, the metal drum will generate a charge. These toner particles are subsequently transmitted to the printing medium.

These three procedures are three of the most frequent printing technologies in the contemporary period, allowing us to print papers, reports, certifications, and other important media. Which do you believe has had the biggest influence in moulding printing into what it is today?


Alois Senefelder, a German poet and actor, invented lithography in 1796 as a low-cost way of publishing theatrical works. As previously stated, lithography works because to the immiscibility of water and oil.

Typically, the procedure begins with an image created with oil, lard, or wax on a smooth lithographic limestone plate. When the stone was wet, the etched portions retained water; an oil-based ink was then added, which was repellent to the water, leaving just the original drawing. This drawing would then be put onto a piece of paper to finish the procedure.

Contact Us for Printing Processes

At Reflex, we can help you with any of your wedding invitation cards printing needs. From business cards to branded coasters to custom stickers, we understand that it is the little things that make a business great. Call us today on +91-7838867525 or you can email us at, the king of cards the indian wedding cards shop and we will reply as soon as we can.

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